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If your dog could describe her dream day, it might include endless sniffing opportunities and varied terrain over which to roam. Enjoying the great outdoors with your dog is one of the best ways you can bond. Hiking through the wilderness together improves your health, brightens your mood, and brings you closer together. We talked to Kurgo’s consulting Veterinarian, Dr. Susan O’Dell, DVM, and she gave us some great tips for hiking with dogs.

Select Your Trail

The first step in having a successful hike is selecting where you will go. Are you in search of a rigorous hike to a picture-perfect vista or just looking for a moderate trek through the woods? Other resources to consider are the Hiking with Dogs books for your region, All Trails or Trails.com.

Some things to consider no matter where you are located:

Rules, Regulations & Laws – Are dogs allowed off-leash? Are dogs allowed at all? Make sure before you get to the trail and get hit with a fine. Most National Parks in the US do not allow dogs on hiking trails, but most State Parks do. See our list of National Parks that are Dog Friendly.

Terrain – How steep is the trail? How rocky? A one-mile hike can feel a lot longer if it’s all uphill. Before you head in, know how long the trail is and if you and your pup can handle the effort.

Traffic – Who else is using the trail? If there are a lot of hikers with dogs, will your dog behave properly? Will you and your dog still have fun, or will you be fighting him/her off other dogs? What about if there are mountain bikers flying by? Make sure your dog will be able to handle the traffic on the trail.

Preparing for Your Hike

Whether you are going for a short walk, day hike, or overnight backpack trip, you need to prepare your dog for the hike as much as you do for yourself.

Make sure your dog is physically ready – “Just as with running, gradually increase the length and difficulty of your hikes with your dog” says Dr. Susan O’Dell, DVM. “If your dog is only used to walking a mile or two for bathroom, take breaks first before you start him off walking longer distances, then try easy hikes with some elevation gain.”

Train Your Dog on the Basics – Does your dog know his sit, stay, and heel? Will he come when called without fail? If you have an untrained dog, hiking in the wilderness with the distractions of birds, new smells, and giant bears can lead to a lot of heartache. Practice the basic commands and make sure she has them down pat.

Take Food and Water – No matter how long the hike, make sure you bring plenty of food and water as well as a lightweight dog travel bowl. “For a day trip, you should bring enough to water and feed your pup for 24 hours in case you get lost,” according to Dr. O’Dell. “Stop frequently for water breaks and be sure to use clean water from home or filter water along the way. Dogs can get infections and parasites from contaminated water, just like us,” she says.

Always Bring a Leash – Most hiking trails have leash rules, so always carry a leash. Even if it is an off-leash trail, you may need to restrain your dog from other dogs, wildlife, or dangerous terrain. There are many hands-free dog leashes that enable you to wrap the leash around your waist so you can use your hands to maneuver over rocks.

Use a Harness – “Consider using a dog harness specifically designed for hiking or running, such as the Journey Air Harness or the Go-Tech Adventure Harness with a V-neck design,” recommends Dr. O’Dell. “These types of harnesses distribute force when the dog is pulling or you both are unsteady on uneven terrain. This harness also has a back handle which can help you lift your pup over a log or help him along a rocky scramble.”

Pack Gear Right – It’s your decision, but there are a lot of positive reasons for your pup to wear a dog backpack. “Dogs like having a job and a backpack gives them purpose,” says Dr. O’Dell. “It also is a good way to slow your dog down if they race ahead. Just be sure to never put more than one-quarter of his body weight in his pack.” See more Reasons Your Dog Needs a Backpack.

Protect her Paws – If you are doing a long or especially rugged hike, you should consider dog boots or putting balm like Musher’s Secret on your pup’s pads.

For more ideas on what to bring, check out or Dog Hiking Checklist

Hit the Trail: Safety & Etiquette

Keep Your Dog Leashed – Until your dog is an experienced hiker and you know they can handle wildlife, other people, and other dogs as well as she knows what to do when she encounters a cliff or fast-moving river, keep your dog leashed. Use an around-the-waist leash if you need your hands free.

Pick Up After Yourself – Just because it is the wilderness, doesn’t mean it’s acceptable to leave your dog’s waste on the trail. Many trails get excessive human/dog use and if everyone left their waste, the area would be ruined. It can also interfere with natural plants and wildlife. Just pack it out!

Check Regularly for Fleas and Ticks – Fleas and ticks are rampant in the woods so make sure you have taken the proper preventative measures. Once you finish the hike, make sure you give yourself and your dog a thorough check for pests.

Protect Him from the Sun – “Even though they have those beautiful fur coats, your dog can still get sunburned. Make sure you hit them with some sunscreen, especially around the nose and other less-hairy areas,” warns Dr. O’Dell.

Rest and Hydrate Frequently – “Just like you, your dog needs to stay hydrated while hiking. Unlike you, they cannot tell you when they are overdoing it,” says Dr. O’Dell. “So, stop frequently for breaks and give your pup water. Check for signs of heatstroke, such as excessive drooling, reddened gums, rapid heart rate, or producing very small amounts of urine.” Carry a good water bottle and a portable bowl.

Have fun out there! Have you done a lot of hiking with your dog? What tips do you have to share?

So, who really needs a dog harness anyway? As the dog travel and adventure experts, we get asked this question often and our answer is that every dog can benefit from using a harness! Maybe you and your best boy like to adventure out in the car to the weekend farmer’s market or on a road trip to visit Great Aunt Edna every summer. No matter the length of your trip, a crash-tested dog car harness will keep your dog securely and comfortably restrained in your vehicle until you’ve safely arrived. Take our word for it: loose dogs in the car are a hazard to themselves and other passengers.

When it comes to being active outside together, dogs that pull are less of a danger to themselves when wearing a harness instead of a collar. Perhaps you have a dog that loves to be out in front of you on your early morning run and although you really want it to be fun it’s just not. A sporty active dog harness with front and back leash attachments will give you more control instead of feeling like you are being dragged down the street wondering why you set an early alarm to get up for this.

When it comes to training, don’t let anyone tell you it’s impossible to teach an old (or young) dog new tricks! A no pull harness could be just what you need to help your dog become a better walker. Many active dog harnesses also come with a back mounted handle that can help with assisting or lifting your aging dog. Always off in nature together? If you and your dog are constantly contemplating your next peak or back country camping trip, you might like a versatile customizable harness that you can perfectly outfit for your adventures.

Whether you’re going hiking for a day or taking a week-long vacation this winter, make sure you’re prepared no matter what comes your way. There are a few essential pieces of gear you should always have when traveling with your dog. And while you may deem some of them unnecessary for shorter trips, it is always best to plan ahead and be on the safe side, especially when it comes to your beloved pup.

Travel bowls, food, and water – This should seem relatively obvious, but if you’re taking your dog on a trip that’s going to

last more than a few hours, you need to make sure you pack food and, most importantly, water. Always be prepared since you don’t necessarily know if you’ll have a water source when camping/hiking. Collapsible dog bowls are great and can easily be stowed in your car. For longer trips where you need to pack larger amounts of food, try a dog travel food container – a zippered bag that can hold up to five pounds of food.

Bedding – Even if you plan to only be gone for the day, always have a dog travel bed available in the car. First and foremost, it gives your pup a comfortable place to sleep on the ride home, and second, if you get stuck somewhere, you’re prepared for an overnighter.

Dog coat – Since we’re headed into the coldest part of the year (well, let’s face it – we’re already here), make sure you keep a dogcoat in the car. They’re great for a planned outdoor adventure, or if you get stuck outside for long periods of time when you don’t intend to, your dog can stay relatively warm.

Waste bags – This one is self-explanatory. Be a responsible dog owner and pick up your dog’s waste anywhere you go.

Extra leash & collar – Obviously, your dog is going to have a collar, and most likely a leash, too, if you’re taking him on a trip. However, bring an extra one just in case. Dog collars, if not fitted properly, can easily slide off, and leashes can be misplaced. Always have an extra one of each so that, if you’re put into one of those situations, you don’t have to fret. Also, you could consider bringing a basic leash for the ride and a bungee leash, depending on the purpose of your trip.

Car seat cover – This one is mostly for your sake, but consider investing in a car seat cover. It will keep your seat clean, especially if your dog sheds a lot or tends to get muddy and gross after being outside. Also, a waterproof seat cover will help prevent water spots on your cloth seats or puddles on your leather seats from snow during the winter.

Dog car restraint – Whether it be a crate, dog carrier, or a dog car safety harness, you should have some type of car restraint for your dog. This will keep him in the backseat, where it is safest for him to ride, and will also prevent you from distracted driving.

Up-to-date tags and proof of vaccinations – Last, but certainly not least, always make sure your dog’s tags are up-to-date. You should also consider getting your pet chipped, as that is the most reliable way to keep track of him if he gets lost, but updated tags will at least help someone get in touch with you if your dog gets lost and someone finds him. Additionally, carry proof of vaccinations with you – you never know when you may need them, and there’s nothing wrong with being overly prepared.